COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2022
|Commitments and Contingencies Disclosure [Abstract]|
|COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES||
9. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
In the ordinary course of its operations, the Company and its subsidiaries are involved in various legal and regulatory proceedings. The amount, if any, of ultimate liability with respect to such matters cannot be determined. Despite the uncertainties of such litigation and investigations, and based on the information presently available and after consultation with legal counsel, management believes that the ultimate outcome in such legal proceedings, in the aggregate, will not have a material adverse effect on the business or the financial condition or results of operations of the Company subject to the potential outcomes of the matter discussed below.
As previously disclosed, on February 9, 2022, pursuant to the CFPB’s Notice and Opportunity to Respond and Advise process, the CFPB Office of Enforcement notified the Bank that it is considering recommending that the CFPB take legal action against the Bank in connection with alleged violations of Regulation E, 12 C.F.R. § 1005.17, and the Consumer Financial Protection Act, 12 U.S.C. §§ 5531 and 5536, in connection with the Bank’s overdraft practices and policies. The purpose of the CFPB’s notice process is to ensure that potential subjects of enforcement actions have the opportunity to respond to alleged violations and present their positions to the CFPB before an enforcement action is recommended or commenced. Should the CFPB commence a legal action, it may seek restitution to affected customers, civil monetary penalties, injunctive relief, or other corrective action. While a loss is reasonably possible related to this matter, an estimate is not possible at this time. The Company and the Bank are unable at this time to determine how or when the matter will be resolved or the significance, if any, to our business, financial condition, or results of operations.
Financial Instruments with Off-Balance Sheet Risk
The Company is a party to financial instruments with off-balance sheet risk in the normal course of business to meet the financing needs of its customers and to reduce its own exposure to fluctuations in interest rates. These financial instruments include commitments to extend credit and letters of credit. These instruments involve elements of credit and interest rate risk in excess of the amount recognized on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets. The contractual amounts of these instruments reflect the extent of the Company’s involvement in particular classes of financial instruments.
The Company’s exposure to credit loss in the event of nonperformance by the other party to the financial instruments for commitments to extend credit and letters of credit written is represented by the contractual amount of these instruments. The Company uses the same credit policies in making commitments and conditional obligations as it does for on-balance sheet instruments. Unless noted otherwise, the Company does not require collateral or other security to support off-balance sheet financial instruments with credit risk. The Company considers credit losses related to off-balance sheet commitments by undergoing a similar process in evaluating losses for loans that are carried on the balance sheet. The Company considers historical loss and funding information, current and future economic conditions, risk ratings, and past due status among other factors in the consideration of expected credit losses in the Company’s off-balance sheet commitments to extend credit. The Company also records an indemnification reserve based on historical statistics and loss rates related to mortgage loans previously sold.
As of December 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company’s reserves for unfunded commitment and indemnification were $14.1 million and $8.4 million, respectively.
Commitments to extend credit are agreements to lend to customers as long as there are no violations of any conditions established in the contracts. Commitments generally have fixed expiration dates or other termination clauses and may require payment of a fee. Because many of the commitments may expire without being completely drawn upon, the total commitment amounts do not necessarily represent future cash requirements.
Letters of credit are conditional commitments issued by the Company to guarantee the performance of customers to third parties. The credit risk involved in issuing letters of credit is essentially the same as that involved in extending loans to customers.
The following table presents the balances of commitments and contingencies as of December 31, (dollars in thousands):
(1)Includes unfunded overdraft protection.
As of December 31, 2022, the Company had approximately $273.5 million in deposits in other financial institutions of which $196.2 million served as collateral for cash flow and loan swap derivatives. As of December 31, 2021, the Company had approximately $187.4 million in deposits in other financial institutions of which $82.3 million served as collateral for cash flow and loan swap derivatives. The Company had approximately $74.0 million and $102.0 million in deposits in other financial institutions that were uninsured at December 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. At least annually, the Company’s management evaluates the loss risk of its uninsured deposits in financial counterparties.
For asset/liability management purposes, the Company uses interest rate contracts to hedge various exposures or to modify the interest rate characteristics of various balance sheet accounts. For the over-the-counter derivatives cleared with the central clearinghouses, the variation margin is treated as a settlement of the related derivatives fair values. See Note 10 “Derivatives” for additional information.
As part of the Company’s liquidity management strategy, it pledges collateral to secure various financing and other activities that occur during the normal course of business. The following tables present the types of collateral pledged at December 31, 2022 and 2021 (dollars in thousands):
No definition available.
The entire disclosure for commitments and contingencies.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef